Computer Forensics Institute Nigeria

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1. What is Computer Forensics?

There a number of slightly varying definitions around. However, generally, computer forensics is considered to be the use of analytical and investigative techniques to identify, collect, preserve, examine and present digital, electronic or computer evidence which is magnetically stored or encoded on a computer or other electronic devices. It is the science of detection and investigation of crime committed using computers, computer networks, the internet and other digital devices, with the intent of giving digital evidence in litigation.

2. What is the objective of this?

Usually to provide electronic or
digital evidence before a court of law or tribunal. It is to support and assist law-enforcement, prosecutors, defence attorneys and the judiciary in arriving at the truth of a legal case.

A forensic investigation can be initiated for a variety of reasons. The most high profile are usually with respect to criminal investigation, or civil litigation, but digital forensic techniques can be of value in a wide variety of situations, including perhaps, simply re-tracking steps taken when data has been lost or for data recovery.

3. What are the common scenarios?

Wide and varied! Examples include:
- Investigation of homicide cases;
- Criminal fraud and deception cases
Employee internet abuse
- Unauthorized disclosure of corporate information and data (accidental and intentional)
- Industrial espionage
- Damage assessment (following an incident)
- Electronic Blackmail

- More general criminal cases (many criminals simply store information on computers, intentionally or unwittingly)
- and many

4. How is a computer forensic investigation approached?

It is a detailed science. However, very broadly, the main phases are sometimes considered to be: secure the subject system (from tampering during the operation); take an image
copy of hard drive (if applicable); identify and recovery all files (including those deleted); access/copy hidden, protected and temporary files; investigate data/settings from installed applications/programs; assess the system as a whole, including its structure; consider general factors relating to the users activity; create detailed report.

5. I am interested in a career in this field. Where do I start?

This is a common question, with many answers. Perhaps a good starting point, however, is to complete the (Online) Membership Application Form; pay the application fee and submit the online form for processing. Following this, you will be invited by mail for the Certification Boot Camp.  After the Boot Camp, you will be invited for Professional Membership Induction as a Certified Forensics Examiner.

6. What about training?

Again, one of the requirements for membership in CFIN is training.  We, therefore, recommend that you enroll for the Digital and Computer Forensics training programme with our training partners.   In addition, you will receive, during the Boot Camp, some free forensic tools which can be used as a training and professional resource.

At the end of the Certification Boot Camp, you are expected to pass the following subjects covered during the Boot Camp:

      1.  Nature and Scope of Digital and Cyber Crime
      2.  Legal Framework for Cybersecurity, Digital and Computer Forensics
      3.  Biometrics:  Methods and Applications in Investigation and Prosecution        
      4.  Hand-Writing Analysis
      5.  Questioned Document Examination
      6.  Data Recovery:  Tools and Techniques for Investigation and Disaster Recovery
      7.  Cryptology:  Encryption/Decryption Systems
Digital Investigation
.  Electronic Evidence Analysis, Reporting and Presentation for Investigators and
.  Digital and Computer Forensics as a Profession

7.  What about Job Opportunities?

As a new field in Nigeria, digital and computer forensics has a great potential in Nigeria.  Prior to 2011, the Evidence Act in Nigeria did not recognize digital or electronic evidence in our law courts.  As a result, the practice of digital and compute forensics as a profession in Nigeria was limited.  However, as Nigeria now has a new Evidence Act, 2011 which recognizes all forms of digital, computer-generated and electronic evidence, and Cybercrimes Act, 2015 (which criminalizes several activities which in the past were not considered to be crimes), the opportunities open to Forensics Examiners are great, varied and many both locally and internationally. You may wish to google on 'forensics job opportunities', 'forensics pay' for more information.

As a highly growing profession in Nigeria, there are opportunities for employment in governments, agencies, private organizations, law firms, anti-corruption agencies, private investigation, litigation support as Expert Witnesses, Forensics Laboratory Examiners, Data Recovery Experts, Cyber Security Consultants, etc.

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